Sunday, 25 December 2016

Kidney Stones Types and Symptoms

How are Kidney Stones formed?

Kidney Stones medically referred to as Nephrolithiasis are formed when there is reduction in the urine flow volume as well as because of the presence of stone forming substances (salt and minerals) in the urine which are retained inside the kidney because of not being eliminated by the kidney completely due to their excessive or concentrated presence as a result of medication, dehydration or drinking less fluids. So, these substances eventually stick together to form small kidney stones. Kidney stones can cause severe pain if it blocks the ureter (tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder) or the urethra (tube that leads urine out of the body) Dehydration is one the major causes leading to the formation of kidney stones, the pain caused by kidney stones can be very severe. A stone once formed tries to leave the kidney making its way to ureter, then into the bladder finally passing out of the body on its own.  

Other causes leading to the formation of kidney stones can be being overweight or obese, consuming a high-protein or glucose diet, gastric bypass surgery, disease in the bowel like inflammation that increases calcium absorption, taking medications such as diuretics, anti-seizure drugs, and calcium-based antacids.

Kidney Stone Types:

Not every person has the same type of kidney stones. The may be different in their constituency and type varying from person to person.

Major Kidney Stone Symptoms

  • Flank Pain or persistent pain in the lower back which may extend up to the groin and last for a few minutes or hours.
  • Hematuria (Blood in the urine)
  • Pain while urinating (Dysuria)
  • Nausea or feeling sick
  • Feeling restless and unable to lie still
  • Feeling like urinating more frequently than the normal 

In case there is an infection along with kidney stone

KIDNEY STONES - If they cause kidney infection then a person will experience additional other symptoms like:
  • High fever (103.1 F or 39.5 Degree Celsius)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Chills and shivering
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fatigue


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