Wednesday, 11 January 2017

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Gall Bladder is  located in the upper right half the stomach, is a small pouch that fills up with bile (used to break down fat) produced by the liver. Before meals it is filled with bile almost the size of the pear and after meals it lays empty and flat. Gall bladder if removed in a health individual causes no significant problem, however there may be a small risk of  fat mal-absorption or diarrhea.
Cholecystectomy is the name of a fairly common procedure used to remove gall bladder stones.


Why remove the Gall Bladder? 

Sometimes substances (cholesterol and bile salts) that make up bile in the gall bladder can crystallize due to an imbalance and form stones which can be very painful. A person may not realize they have stones because the stones don't really cause any symptoms, however, very less frequently they may block the flow of bile causing irritation in the gall bladder (acute cholecystitis) or pancreas (acute pancreatitis). These conditions can make a person feel

    Sudden and intense pain in the stomach
    Feeling sick or nausea
    The skin and also the white area in the eye may become yellow 
    Abdomen may feel bloated
    Occasionally fever

 

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is a procedure performed under general anesthesia. Small cuts are made in the abdomen to access the stones and remove them. This is fairly comfortable and common procedure where a person recovers very quickly resuming a normal life within two weeks. Usually a person can leave the hospital the very same day or the next day The scars are also very small in comparison to an open surgery.

The liver still produces enough bile the same way to digest the fat, however, it doesn't get stored in the gall bladder but leaks into the stomach directly and continuously.



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